Chapter 7

Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Fluency Stuttering a disorder of...

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Chapter 7 – Fluency Stuttering – a disorder of fluency characterized by -Certain types of dysfluencies -Excessive amounts of dysfluencies in general -Excessive durations of dysfluencies -May also be characterized by associated motor behaviors and the tendency to avoid certain words and/or speaking situations Basic Characteristics of Dysfluencies -Occur more commonly on: -Initial words of phrases or sentences -Consonants -Longer words -Less frequently occurring words -Vary across time and speaking situations Loci of Stuttering -Refers to the locations in the speech sequence where dysfluencies are usually observed Diagnosis of Stuttering 3 bases to distinguish stuttering from normal dysfluencies -Frequency of all types of dysfluencies combined -No one is 100% fluent -5% or more dysfluencies -Minimum frequency to diagnose stuttering is 10% -Presence of certain types of dysfluencies -Any type of dysfluency is a stutter if accompanied by muscle tension and/or struggle -Duration of dysfluencies -May be long or short Diagnosis or stuttering if frequency is high and durations are brief OR Frequency is low and durations are long Associated Behaviors -Motor behaviors -Why? Most likely because of accidental reinforcement -Intermittent reinforcement is the strongest -Vary from person to person -Each person tends to have a characteristic pattern -Most are observed in the face -Eye blinks, closing, squinting, widening -Lip pursing, quivering, open and close -Teeth grinding, tongue clicks -Muscle tension -Hand and/or feet movements
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2010 for the course COMD 2081 taught by Professor Domma during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Fluency Stuttering a disorder of...

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