Anxiety_Disorders_Chp_7 - Chp. 7-Anxiety Disorders I....

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Chp. 7--Anxiety Disorders I. Anxiety --Very Common --Adaptive in reasonable amounts --Can disrupt functioning and cause distress --Abnormal anxiety--4 types of Symptoms --Physioloigcal: bodily reactions such as the fight or flight --Emotional: Primarily fear and watchfulness --Cognitive: unrealistic worries --Behavioral: avoiding certain behaviors II. Adaptive vs. Maladaptive --Adaptive: --Concerns are realistic --Proportional --Fear ends when threat ends --Maladaptive: --Unrealistic, unproportional, and does not end with threat --Originates out of fear and anticipation III. Anxiety Disorders --2nd most common group of disorders --Highly Prevalent --6-15% of population --2 key/core concept for anxiety disorders --Frequent and intense symptoms: avoidance --Comorbid with depression, schizophrenia, drug abuse --Psychoanalytic Interpretation: --Anxiety (neurosis) aroused from unconscious conflicts not stopped by defense mechanisms --Neurotic children --Parents usually anxious, overprotective, controlling --Try to percent children distress but paint world as harmful IV. Panic Attacks --Short, Intense Bursts of Anxiety --Heart Palpitations, trembling, choking, dizziness --Some without environmental triggers, but most related to specific situations --40% of young adults have occasional panic attacks, especially during stress --Isolated events for most people --Panic attacked present in many of the anxiety disorders V. Panic Disorder --Person worries about having panic attacks and changes behavior a a result --Attacks become common --Range in frequency and display of attacks --Often fear have life-threatening illness --May believe they are going to die --Feeling of going crazy and losing control --Often feels ashamed --Each year, 7% of people experience one --3-4% of people develop panic disorder at some point in their lives --Typical onset during late adolescence and mid-thirities --Chronic: 92% of people experience these attacks for at least one year. VI. Biological Theories of Panic Disorder --10% concordance with first-degree relatives of people with PD --30%-40% concordance rates for identical twins --Neurotransmitters --Antidepressants reduce symptoms by regulating norepinephrine, especially in the locus cereleus --Excess serotonin in key areas but deficiencies in others
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This note was uploaded on 07/10/2010 for the course PSYCH 3144 taught by Professor Taylorlocker during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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Anxiety_Disorders_Chp_7 - Chp. 7-Anxiety Disorders I....

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