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Unformatted text preview: E2. Multiple Guess Section Shapiro-Wilk normality test Median = 83, Min = 42, Max = 97 W = 0.9216, p-value = 0.0003428 Many eminent biologists have argued that aging rarely occurs in nature, because animals do not live long enough to exhibit its effects. "Ecologists typically assume that the age structures of wild populations are stable." "This is analogous to the impact of workforce ageing on the economic output of This is analogous to the impact of workforce ageing on the economic output of many industrialised nations," Dr MacNulty says. “…adult predatory performance declines with age and that an increasing ratio of senescent individuals in the wolf population depresses the rate of prey offtake.” Predatory senescence in ageing wolves Daniel R. MacNulty 1,2*, Douglas W. Smith 3 , John A. Vucetich 2 , L. David Mech 4 , Daniel R. Stahler 3 and Craig Packer 1 Ecology 203 Overview Geographic Distributions Geographic Distributions Populations Communities Ecosystems Applications Gregg Hartvigsen...
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