new pgs 45-70 - I Ch 2 Personality and Perception II...

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I. Ch 2: Personality and Perception II. Remember: There are no wrong answers A. Identifying and assessing personality types can be helpful to employers. B. As employers go about the task of developing talent for an organization they are increasing taking steps to ensure that ppl they employ are good fit 1. Both with the des. And the prospective team members C. There is value in assessing personality types say improved comm. . but also they have limitations 1. Despite their limitations personality tests are considered useful for III.Personality A. Personality: 1. The relatively enduring individual traits and dispositions that form a pattern distinguishing one person from all others B. Concept 1. Stylistic diff. the behavior of ppl 2. Traits are relatively enduring, which implies consistency of behavior across the board. C. The Determinants of personality 1. Heredity argument a) Personality is largely determined at conception by each indiv.’s unique assortment of genes b) Personality traits . . (1) Temperament, sociability are determined much like hair color and facial features c) Evidence to supp this (1) Twins separated at birth that still have the same personality
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2. Environmental argument a) Experience shape and alter indiv.’s personality b) Evidence to supp this too (1) Situations one encounters shapes them (2) Cross country comparisons 3. Immediate env influences a) Birth order (1) 1 st born compared to later born children 4. Heredity may predispose an individual to certain patterns of behavior, while environmental forces may precipitate more specific patterns of action a) Both factors are need to have a full understanding of behavior 5. Personality has a resistance to change a) Therefore managers cannot change an employee personality they have to accept them D. Assessing Personality Traits 1. Personality Tests a) The most frequently used formats of such personality ratings are 5pt and 7pt scales (1) With adjectives and endpoints or anchors for the scales b) EX of scale for measuring the trait competitiveness (1) 1 =sensitive to presence of competitive sit (2) 2 = no real competitive interest (3) 3 = is stimulated by competition (4) 4= enjoys winning but gets very upset when looses (5) 5= extreme drive t win
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c) the rater must be unbiased and frank d) Typically extreme negatives are not used (1) therefore most results are positive – being not that informative. 2. Situational Tests a) Or behavior tests involve the direct observation of an individual’s behavior in a setting that is designed to provide information about personality (1) Ex: letting students grade their own paper b) Offer many advantages (1) Less subjective than rating scales (2) Trait in question can sometimes be assessed in fairly natural setting (a) More valid then (3) Though expensive 3. Personality Inventories a) The most widely used method of assessing personality characteristics (1) “is this statement true about you” b) clear advantage and ease of administration (1) problem of possible faking of answers and the related issue of the
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new pgs 45-70 - I Ch 2 Personality and Perception II...

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