Personality_1_Outline

Personality_1_Outline - PSYC1101-I 3/30/2010 Personality...

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PSYC1101-I 3/30/2010 Personality Outline – Part 1 Conscious Personality I. The Trait Approach Think of some o You really like o You admire o You don’t like at all How would you describe them? Think of someone who is: o Good at interpersonal relations o Bad at interpersonal relations How do you know this person is good/bad at interpersonal relations? How do people differ from one anbother? Based on traits: o A predisposition on tendency to behave, think, and feel in a particular way o Predicts what we will do (whereas ability predicts what we can du) o It relatively stable across situations and time How stable is it across situations? o a. Definition of traits b. Classification of traits i. Based on personality adjectives in the language ii. Thousands of adj in the dictionary. All al potential “traits.” not particular to describe someone or compare people iii. Reasearchers grouped adjectives using a statistical method: Factor Analysis What does factor analysis tell us? - Groups similar adjectives together (in the same personality factor) - Eg. Talkative, active, sociable, outgoing, lively i. If a person is “talkative”, that person also tends to be “sociable” - Groups unrelated adjectives in different factors - Eg. Talkative in one factor, helpful in another i. If a person is “talkative”, - iv. How? Hunderds of people rate themselves on hundreds of adj: v. - using the language - using factor analysis c. Personality theories i. Cattell’s 16 personality factors the first
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PSYC1101-I 3/30/2010 Warmth, emotional stability, dominance, liveliness, rule- consiousness, social boldness, vigance, sensitivity, privateness, apprehension, self-reliance, tension, perfectionism, opennesss to change, abstractness ii. Eysenck’s 2 personality dimensions Extraversion (versus Introversion): socaiability, outgoingness, liveliness Neuroticism (versus emotional stability): moodiness, nervousness, irritability PROBLEM: if categorize person in one lose information about the person and if treat as if all have the same then still lose
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Personality_1_Outline - PSYC1101-I 3/30/2010 Personality...

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