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Intelligence_1_Outline - PSYC 1101-I Intelligence Part I...

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PSYC 1101-I 03/02/2010 Intelligence – Part I What is the nature of intelligence? How do we measure intelligence? WHAT is INTELLIGENCE? How do you know someone is intelligent? How can you measure intelligence? What kind of questions/tasks will you give? I. The Nature of Intelligence A. Charles Spearman and his Two Factor Theory “g”: general mental ability: a person will perform either well on all of a variety of tasks or poorly on all of those tasks. “s”: specific abilities: skills specific to the task - Studied Children’s o Perceptual abilities - Correlated with o Grades in school o Teacher evaluations - Obtained positive correlations (but not perfect correlations) - Proposed the “Two Factor Theory” o Performance on a task =G +S o E.g. playing the piano = G +musical pitch perception o Math test performance = G + arithmetic abilities B. Thurstone and his theory of Primary Mental Abilities - Word fluency - Verbal comprehension - Number Space - Memory (short-term or long term) - Perceptual speed (reaction time) - Reasoning (verbal, numerical, or spaces) - NO “g” primary abilities are independent from each other - Mid Level Abilities: C. The compromise: Carroll’s 3-stratum theory: the examination of data from hundreds of research throughout the century “s”: specific abilities i. Fluis Intelligence: ability to process information 1. Reasoning, problem solving, dealing with new situations ii. Crystallized Intelligence: amount of available information 1. knowledge gained through schooling or culture - who was the first man to walk on the moon? Niel armstrong iii. Learning ability iv. Visual perception (spatial ability) v. Auditory ability vi. Retrieval ability vii. Processing speed
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PSYC 1101-I 03/02/2010 D. Some examples of the questions that go into intelligence tests in the US. Some type of tests are i. ETS KIT ii. WISC (for children) iii. WAIS (for adults) iv. Army Alpha and Beta (beta version for illiterates) Examples of the tests: i. ETS Cognitive Abilities Test Kit 1. Mid Level Ability: Visual (spatial) abilities 2. Specific abilities: a. Spatial orientation b. Visualization
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Intelligence_1_Outline - PSYC 1101-I Intelligence Part I...

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