Intelligence_1_Outline - PSYC 1101-I 03/02/2010...

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PSYC 1101-I 03/02/2010 Intelligence – Part I What is the nature of intelligence? How do we measure intelligence? WHAT is INTELLIGENCE? How do you know someone is intelligent? How can you measure intelligence? What kind of questions/tasks will you give? I. The Nature of Intelligence A. Charles Spearman and his Two Factor Theory “g”: general mental ability: a person will perform either well on all of a variety of tasks or poorly on all of those tasks. “s”: specific abilities: skills specific to the task - Studied Children’s o Perceptual abilities - Correlated with o Grades in school o Teacher evaluations - Obtained positive correlations (but not perfect correlations) - Proposed the “Two Factor Theory” o Performance on a task =G +S o E.g. playing the piano = G +musical pitch perception o Math test performance = G + arithmetic abilities B. Thurstone and his theory of Primary Mental Abilities - Word fluency - Verbal comprehension - Number Space - Memory (short-term or long term) - Perceptual speed (reaction time) - Reasoning (verbal, numerical, or spaces) - NO “g” primary abilities are independent from each other - Mid Level Abilities: C. The compromise: Carroll’s 3-stratum theory: the examination of data from hundreds of research throughout the century “s”: specific abilities i. Fluis Intelligence: ability to process information 1. Reasoning, problem solving, dealing with new situations ii. Crystallized Intelligence: amount of available information 1. knowledge gained through schooling or culture - who was the first man to walk on the moon? Niel armstrong iii. Learning ability iv. Visual perception (spatial ability) v. Auditory ability vi. Retrieval ability vii. Processing speed
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PSYC 1101-I 03/02/2010 D. Some examples of the questions that go into intelligence tests in the US. Some type of tests are
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This note was uploaded on 07/14/2010 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Leader during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Intelligence_1_Outline - PSYC 1101-I 03/02/2010...

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