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EmotionMotivation_Outline - PSYC 1101 I Emotion Motivation...

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PSYC 1101- I 03/11/2010 Emotion & Motivation Outline I. Definition and Dimensions of Emotion a. Emotion : positive or negative experience associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity II. Theories of Emotion a. James-Lange theory i. This theory proposes that we experience emotions as a result of the physiological reactions ii. We are afraid because we tremble iii. Criticism: 1. Can people really identify their emotions beased on the varied patterns of autonomic activation? 2. Physiological arousal may occur in the absence of emotions - High temperature sweating no fear iv. Emotions related to specific pattern of arousal b. Cannon-Bard theory i. We feel emotions and physiological changes at the same time ii. People are not perfectly sensitive to specific pattern of arousal c. Schachter's Two-factor theory i. We have the same pattern of physiological reaction to all emotion stimuli, but we interpret the reaction differently depending on the stimulus ii. Emotion is the cognitive interpretation of a physiological respomnse iii. Bridge Study: Dutton &Aron (1974) 1. Participants: Men (18-35) 2. Site: Capilano Canyon 3. High (230 ft.) vs. Low (10ft.) bridge 4. Procedure: Female experimenter approached males, did a small survey, gave her telephone number - high bridged (50% call back) - low bridge (10% call back) iv. Do interpret the stimulus and make inferences d. More recent findings from Ekman, Levenson and colleagues i. Observed different physiological patterns of arousal for different emotions ii. Heart rate change: 1. High: anger, fear, sadness 2. Low: happiness, surprise, disgust iii. Finger temperature change: 1. Very high: anger 2. Very low: happiness 3. Lowest: fear, sadness, surprise iv. Blushing only observed related to embarrassment III. Emotions and the brain
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PSYC 1101- I 03/11/2010 a. Role of amygdala i. Creation of emotions ii. Responsible for making appraisal evaluating the emotion-relevant aspects of a stimulus iii. Makes fast appraisal iv. Some information goes directly to amygdala skipping cortex b. The fast and slow pathways of fear i. La la al al fuck this shit IV. Emotion regulation a. Behavioral strategies i. Avoid specific situations ii. Do distracting activities (puzzles, gym) iii. Taking drugs (bad idea!)
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