Memory_1_Outline-1

Memory_1_Outline-1 - PSYC1101-F 09/22/2009 Memory 1 Outline...

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PSYC1101-F 09/22/2009 Memory – 1 Outline 3 memory processes Encoding: Process of turning perceptions into memories. Storage: Maintaining info over time. Retrieval: Bringing memories out of storage to conscious awareness. 3 stage Storage model of memory Sensory Memory Short-term Memory (Working memory) Long Term Memory 3 stage Memory Model encoding encoding Sensory input>> sensory memory>>short term memory >> Working memory << Long term memory attention I. Sensory Memory Sensory info stored for a few seconds or less More than one kind of sensory input: a. Iconic memory: for visual info -decays in 1 second or less b. Echoic memory: for auditory info -decays in 5 seconds II. Encoding a. Role of attention b. Enriching Encoding i. Elaboration: linking a new stimulus to other information already in memory Semantic processing >> structural processing -remembering number strings -903182347 -remembering labels with meaningful acronyms: -5 major personality dimensions: agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticisim,openness to experience ‘OCEAN’ ii. Visual imagery: Creation of visual images to represent things to be
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Memory_1_Outline-1 - PSYC1101-F 09/22/2009 Memory 1 Outline...

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