Memory_2_Outline-1 - PSYC 1101-I Memory 2 Outline I Retrieval Bringing Memories to Mind What is memory retrieval-process of bringing to mind

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02/18/2010 Memory – 2- Outline I. Retrieval: Bringing Memories to Mind What is memory retrieval? -process of bringing to mind information that has been a. What helps retrieval? i. Retrieval Cues -stimulus (external information) that help gain access to memories Quiz: Write the name cue name Woman star in the film ‘bodyguard’(1991) W.H Whitney Houston First step foot on the moon N.A. Neil Armstrong Author of the classic ‘Alice in wonderland’ book L.C. Lewis Carroll Creator of the art work S.D. Salvador Dali Multi cues Self-generated cues Experiment Showed 504 stimulus words: e.g. ‘banana’ -write down 3 related words (e.g. peel fruit ice cream) Recall test -group1: shown one related word -group 2: shown all 3 related words Result: G1: recalled 61% G2: recalled :91% Alternative recall test: show related words that others generated Result”-G1(one word): recalled 11% G2: recalled 55% -More elaborative encoding -If one cue fails, others can activate ii. Encoding specificity principle Memory is enhanced when conditions present during retrieval match those that were present during encoding 1. Context-dependent memory -external cues: similar environments at the time of encoding and time of retrieval helps. What helps? Recall condition learning Land underwater land high low underwater low high Internal cues-similar internal states at the time of encoding and retrieval help. E.g. marijuana alcohol
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This note was uploaded on 07/14/2010 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Leader during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Memory_2_Outline-1 - PSYC 1101-I Memory 2 Outline I Retrieval Bringing Memories to Mind What is memory retrieval-process of bringing to mind

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