week04 - Introduction to Management Information Systems...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Management Information Systems Lecture 4: Hardware and Software Nilesh Saraf Faculty of Business Administration Simon Fraser University 1/48 Agenda I Porters framework and strategy I Continuous and disruptive Innovations I This could happen to you I Chapter 4 2/48 Quick Writes Please answer the following on the slip of paper passed to you I What is one of the the interesting things you learnt today? I What portion could be explained better? I Do I talk too fast? 3/48 Why do you need to know about information technology? I Information technology becomes a part of your thinking self I Just like biology, chemistry, physics, knowledge about hardware/software is foundational I Know what you are investing in as a manager I Computer technology research is headed in many directions!! 4/48 This Could Happen to You I A manager wants to setup a blog to support her sales staff through her company I Hires a consultant specialized in setting up systems like blogs I Consultant needs answers: I Where will blog be hosted? What type of server will be used? I How will the blog be coded? Which blog software will be employed? I What browsers need to be supported? What if the blog does not render perfectly with all browsers? I What knowledge does she need as a manager? 5/48 Learning Objectives 1. How are the hardware and software components of any computing system organized? 2. What does a manager need to know about software? 3. Whats the difference between a client and a server? 4. What are viruses and worms? 5. What buying decisions do managers make? 6. How do network externalities affect information systems decisions? 6/48 Computing Systems 7/48 What is a Computer? At their most basic level, computers do three things: 8/48 The Personal Computer 9/48 Four types of components I Hardware consists of electronic components and related gadgetry that input, process, output, and store data according to instructions encoded in computer programs or software. ( computer tour ) I Basic hardware categories: I Input I Processing I Output I Storage 10/48 Input, Process, Output, and Storage Hardware 11/48 Common Input Devices I Keyboard I Pointing Devices (Mouse, Trackball, Touch pad...) I Touch Sensitive Screens I Pen Based Computing / Handwriting Recognition I Voice Input Systems / Speech Recognition I Optical Scanning (Image, OCR, Bar-code) I Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) I Magnetic Stripe I Smart Cards I Biometric Systems I Digital Cameras / Camcorders 12/48 Common Output Devices I Video Output - Monitors I C athode R ay T ube (CRT) I L iquid C rystal D isplay (LCD) I Plasma Display I Consider pixels and resolution I Printed Output - Printers I Ink Jet I Laser I Consider printing speed and ink cost I Sound Output - Speakers 13/48 Computer Components 14/48 Digital Data...
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week04 - Introduction to Management Information Systems...

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