Lecture Nov. 2 - Egypt (slides only)

Lecture Nov. 2 - Egypt (slides only) - Egypt The Nile...

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11/1/2009 1 Egypt The Nile Valley a long, thin oasis surrounded by desert fans into a broad delta at the Mediterranean Egyptian state dependent on annual flooding principal transportation route
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11/1/2009 2 Lower Egypt (north) downriver includes the Nile delta rich, cultivable floodplain up to 20km wide Upper Egypt (south) much narrower bordered by rock escarpments southern limit marked by a series of shallow, rocky rapids known as cataracts along with the desert, these protected Egypt from invasion
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11/1/2009 3 Egyptian Chronology Predynastic (4500-3000 BC) Early Dynastic (3000-2575 BC) Old Kingdom (2575-2134 BC) o First Intermediate Period (2134-2040 BC) Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BC) o Second Intermediate Period (1640-1532 BC) New Kingdom (1532-1070 BC) o Third Intermediate Period (1070-712 BC) Neolithic Egypt agriculture well established by 5000 BC, introduced from SW Asia wheat, barley, flax, vegetables cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, dogs agricultural villages were the basis of Egyptian civilization
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