Lecture Nov. 2 - Egypt (slides only)

Lecture Nov. 2 - Egypt (slides only) - 11/1/2009 Egypt The...

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11/1/2009 1 Egypt The Nile Valley a long, thin oasis surrounded by desert fans into a broad delta at the Mediterranean Egyptian state dependent on annual flooding principal transportation route
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11/1/2009 2 Lower Egypt (north) downriver includes the Nile delta rich, cultivable floodplain up to 20km wide Upper Egypt (south) much narrower bordered by rock escarpments southern limit marked by a series of shallow, rocky rapids known as cataracts along with the desert, these protected Egypt from invasion
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11/1/2009 3 Egyptian Chronology Predynastic (4500-3000 BC) Early Dynastic (3000-2575 BC) Old Kingdom (2575-2134 BC) o First Intermediate Period (2134-2040 BC) Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BC) o Second Intermediate Period (1640-1532 BC) New Kingdom (1532-1070 BC) o Third Intermediate Period (1070-712 BC) Neolithic Egypt agriculture well established by 5000 BC, introduced from SW Asia wheat, barley, flax, vegetables cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, dogs agricultural villages were the basis of Egyptian civilization
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11/1/2009 4 predynastic egypt (4500-3000 BC) series of stratified cultural groups ruled by kings with villages clustered along the Nile large settlements at Abydos and Hierakonpolis long-distance trade with SW Asia introduction of a range of craft industries: metalworking, pottery, glassblowing Predynastic Egypt differences in burial customs and art styles between Upper and Lower Egypt unique crowns increasing competition for resources and territory leads to warfare and the seeds of regional unification burial, El Omari cemetery
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5 King Scorpion predynastic ruler named
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This note was uploaded on 07/14/2010 for the course ARCH 100 taught by Professor Catherined'andrea during the Fall '08 term at Simon Fraser.

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Lecture Nov. 2 - Egypt (slides only) - 11/1/2009 Egypt The...

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