Lecture Nov 4 - Indus and West Africa (slides only)

Lecture Nov 4 - Indus and West Africa (slides only) -...

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11/3/2009 1 Indus and West Africa Indus Valley Harappan civilization, Pakistan and NW India in South Asia river valley where annual flooding from the Himalaya replenished the soil, making intensive agriculture possible
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11/3/2009 2 Indus Agriculture agricultural staples are similar to SW Asia, including cattle goats, sheep, wheat, and barley still debate over whether farming developed independently or was influenced by Mesopotamia to the west Indus/Harappan Civilization named after the river valley and the site of Harappa first identified by British archaeologist John Marshall in the 1920s mature urban phase dates 2600-1900 BC identified archaeologically through the presence of cities, standardized artifacts, writing, long-distance trade, urban planning, craft specialization, monumental architecture possible priest/king from Mohenjo-daro
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11/3/2009 3 Indus Origins debate over origins British archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler argued in the 50s that the “idea of civilization” diffused from Mesopotamia however, work in the 70s shows clear local antecedents, a proto-urban phase of grid pattern settlements dating ca. 3300- 3200 BC Mortimer Wheeler tiny Harappan figurines Mehrgarh, Pakistan discovered in the 1970s west of the Indus Valley earliest phase dates to ca. 6500 BC earliest evidence of agriculture in south Asia, based on barley, wheat, cattle indicates long-term local development of complex society, rather than diffusion clusters of mud-brick storage rooms at Mehrgarh female figurine from Mehrgarh, ca. 3000 BC
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Lecture Nov 4 - Indus and West Africa (slides only) -...

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