Environmentalism

Environmentalism - Biocentric Value Q Does the biotic...

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Biocentric Value Q: Does the biotic environment have a value that is not derived from the interests of human beings? Def’n the Biotic Environment : all sentient creatures (humans and other animals), and all other living creatures (plants), but excluding abiotic entities (e.g. rock formations). Def’ns About Kinds of Value ‘Derivative’ vs ‘Non-Derivative’ Value: For any valuable thing A, if the value of A depends on B (e.g. A is the object of B’s preferences, or what B cares about), then the value of A is derivative. If a thing’s value is not derivative then it is ‘inherent’. ‘The Anthropocentric Theory of Value’: For any valuable thing A, the value of A is derived from human interests (e.g. from human desires, needs, interests). ‘The Economic Theory of Value’ : For any A, the value of A is derivative from a subset of human interests, namely, what B would pay for A. Q1: If something’s value is derivative from something else does that mean anthropocentrism must be true? No. Ex1 : The value of grass could be derivative from the welfare of cows (if you believe that animal welfare is morally important) and that does mean that anthropocentrism is true. Ex2 : The value of some things might be derived from human interests, but the value of other things may be inherent. Q2: If all value is anthropocentric does that mean that animals have value iff (if and only if) humans care about animals? Yes. Q3.
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2010 for the course PHIL 120 taught by Professor Evantiffany during the Spring '08 term at Simon Fraser.

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Environmentalism - Biocentric Value Q Does the biotic...

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