LECTURE 3 - HANDOUT

LECTURE 3 - HANDOUT - Denis Kozlov History 2021 / RUSN 2023...

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Denis Kozlov History 2021 / RUSN 2023 Soviet Russia Lecture 3 LECTURE 2. The Year 1917: From February to October. The Bolsheviks Come to Power 1. The Provisional Government. Dual Power 2. April 1917: The first crisis of the Provisional Government. Lenin returns to Russia 3. The crisis continues: Political situation in June – October 1917 4. The October 1917 uprising: the Bolsheviks come to power. The end of old Russia 5. The First Steps of the Bolsheviks: November 1917 – January 1918 ***1. THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT. DUAL POWER 2 MARCH 1917 – PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT HASTILY FORMED. HEADED BY PRINCE GEORGII L’VOV WAR MINISTER – ALEXANDER GUCHKOV (OCTOBRIST) MINISTER OF JUSTICE – SOCIALIST LAWYER ALEXANDER KERENSKY FOREIGN AFFAIRS – HEAD OF THE KADET PARTY PAUL MILIUKOV ***POLITICAL SITUATION AFTER FEBRUARY: THE REVOLUTION QUICKLY AND RELATIVELY PEACEFULLY SPREAD TO THE REST OF THE COUNTRY. LOCAL SOVIETS ARE CREATED IN NUMEROUS CITIES AND TOWNS. YET EVENTS IN PETROGRAD, THE CAPITAL – KEY TO THE REVOLUTION OF 1917 MOST OF THE INSTITUTIONS OF OLD RUSSIA – MINISTRIES, SERVICES, BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT – REMAIN IN PLACE (THE POLICE WAS ABOLISHED, THOUGH) ***“DUAL POWER”: TWO INFLUENTIAL POWER AGENCIES: 1. THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT 2. THE PETROGRAD SOVIET ENJOYED SIGNIFICANT POPULAR SUPPORT: ELECTED + MANY DELEGATES CAME FROM THE RANK-AND-FILE 1
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Denis Kozlov History 2021 / RUSN 2023 Soviet Russia Lecture 3 THE SOVIET WAS SEEN BY MANY AS MORE LEGITIMATELY EXPRESSING THE PEOPLE’S INTERESTS THAN THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT INITIALLY, THE TWO INSTITUTIONS INTENDED TO CO-OPERATE WITH EACH OTHER THE NEW POLITICAL SETTLEMENT WAS SEEN AS TEMPORARY : THE CONSTITUTION OF THE FUTURE RUSSIA WOULD BE DECIDED BY THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY, TO BE ELECTED IN THE COURSE OF 1917 THE PETROGRAD SOVIET WAS TO SERVE AS THE CENTRAL ORGAN OF THE SOVIETS IN THE COUNTRY, UNTIL A PROPER CENTRAL ORGAN WOULD BE ELECTED BY THE NATIONAL CONGRESS OF SOVIETS YET: CO-OPERATION PROVED IMPOSSIBLE : THE SOVIET ENJOYED THE TRUST AND RESPECT OF THE WORKERS AND SOLDIERS, WHILE THE PROVISIONAL GOVT. RESTED INCREASINGLY ON THE SUPPORT OF THE ELITE POLITICAL POLARIZATION CONTINUES TO GROW DURING 1917: RADICALIZED WORKERS AND SOLDIERS  THE ELITE MOVES EVER MORE TOWARD CONSERVATISM AND CAUTION (FRIGHTENED BY THE SPECTER OF VIOLENCE – STRIVE TOWARD LAW AND ORDER) + IN PRACTICE, RATHER THAN “DUAL POWER” – VACUUM OF POWER. MANY POWERS CO-EXISTED IN RUSSIA IN 1917. AN INFINITE NUMBER OF POWER-WIELDING AUTHORITIES BEGAN TO EMERGE – ALL THROUGHOUT RUSSIA, IN THE LOCALITIES. THE COUNTRYSIDE – QUIET CIVIL WAR BEGINS (OVER LAND). NOBLES BEGIN TO FLEE THE COUNTRY THE ARMY GRADUALLY DISINTEGRATES (AFTER THE 1 MARCH 1917 ORDER NO. 1 OF THE PETROGRAD SOVIET) 2***. RUSSIAN POLITICS IN THE SPRING OF 1917 RESULTS OF ORDER NO. 1 OF THE PETROGRAD SOVIET (1 MARCH 1917): POLITICAL RADICALIZATION AND EFFECTIVE COLLAPSE OF THE ARMY 2
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Denis Kozlov History 2021 / RUSN 2023 Soviet Russia
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LECTURE 3 - HANDOUT - Denis Kozlov History 2021 / RUSN 2023...

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