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Privacy1 - PRIVACY PRIVACY Trade­offs Between...

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Unformatted text preview: PRIVACY PRIVACY Trade­offs Between Administrative Efficiency and Abuse READINGS READINGS Legal Safeguards to Insure Privacy in a Computer Society, Westin, 1967. The Right to Privacy, Warren, 1890. GOALS FOR TODAY GOALS Motivate the issue. Discuss the “Memory Revolution” and relate it to “Moore’s Law.” Introduce “Parkinson’s Law of Data.” Introduce the fundamental issues regarding privacy in relation to modern computing technologies. Wikipedia Wikipedia Privacy (in Latin privatus 'separated from the rest, deprived of sth, esp. office, participation in the government', from privo 'to deprive') is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves or information about themselves and thereby reveal themselves selectively. The boundaries and content of what is considered private differ among cultures and individuals, but share basic common themes. Privacy is sometimes related to anonymity, the wish to remain unnoticed or unidentified in the public realm. When something is private to a person, it usually means there is something within them that is considered inherently special or personally sensitive. The degree to which private information is exposed therefore depends on how the public will receive this information, which differs between places and over time. Privacy can be seen as an aspect of security — one in which trade­offs between the interests of one group and another can become particularly clear. Questions Questions What were the basic computational prerequisites for this research project? Could this have been accomplished without computing technologies? How does this relate to other medical applications, such as CAT scanning? Goals of the Human Genome Project Project Identify the set of all genes (i.e., the genome) in human DNA (an amount of information equivalent to 200­1000 page phone books). Determine the sequences of the 3 billion DNA subunits (bases) and store this information in a massive database for analysis. Purpose of the Human Genome Project Project Prevention of disorders. DNA diagnosis. Cancer research. Genome maps. Bioengineering (i.e., oil spills) Serious Privacy Concerns? Serious “With just one cell left at a crime scene, we will be able to reconstruct the perpetrator’s face once the human genome has been completely mapped.” ­ Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation The Primary Uses of Modern Computers Computers A. B. C. Massive calculations (number crunching). Information management. Combinations of A and B. I was raised to think of computers as number crunchers. Recall Moore’s Law Recall Other Trends Since 9/93 Other Motherboards (measured in MHz/$) have a doubling time of 12.4 months. Hard drives (measured in MB/$) have had a doubling time of 11.7 months. Modems (measured in kbps) have a doubling time of 16.8 months. The Memory Revolution Over Several Decades Several DRAM has been doubling in speed roughly every two years. Total disk drive capacity has increased 7­ fold over the past decade (a bit below Moore’s Law). Conclusion: Memory access time and capacity roughly obey Moore’s Law. Hard Drive Capacity vs. Time Hard http://paul.rutgers.edu/~tuhin/lecture/html/lecture/lecture0/ http://paul.rutgers.edu/~tuhin/lecture/html/lecture/lecture0/ PARKINSON’S LAW PARKINSON’S “Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion.” ­ C Northcote Parkinson, 1957 Parkinson’s Law of Data Parkinson’s Programs and/or data expand to fill the memory available to hold them. Remarks: Moore’s Law encourages growth in memory capacity. More memory encourages the use of more memory intensive techniques. More processing power enables more data & more complex programs to be processed. www.vicomsoft.com/glossary/ www.vicomsoft.com/glossary Parkinson's Law: "Work expands to fill the time available." Initially postulated to explain workload and time, Parkinson's Law has been applied to and found valid in many realms. "The amount of stuff one has expands to fill available cupboard space" is one familiar application. Information technology also has its applications. Parkinson's Law of data: "Data expands to fill the space available for storage". Parkinson's Law of Bandwidth Absorption: "Network traffic expands to fill the available bandwidth". Social Issues Social PRO: Complex programs can be used to improve administrative efficiency and curb criminal activity – the right wing argues that privacy law is used mostly by “those who have something to hide”. CON: Parkinson’s Law of Data applies to databases in all administrations promotes a “guilty until proven innocent” situation (everyone is monitored and stored), unforgiveness (once you’re in, you’re in forever), and the potential for victimization. Case Study – The Census Case “in no case shall information furnished… be used to the detriment of any respondent or other person to whom such information relates.” ­ US Code, Title 13 Case Study – The Census Case “in no case shall information furnished… be used to the detriment of any respondent or other person to whom such information relates.” ­ US Code, Title 13 Yet… Japanese­Americans were rounded up by the US Army in 1942 using data from the 1940 US Census. Telecommunications Telecommunications Secret Plan to Spy on All British Phone Calls Kamal Ahmed, political editor Sunday December 3, 2000 The Observer Britain's intelligence services are seeking powers to seize all records of telephone calls, emails and internet connections made by every person living in this country. A document circulated to Home Office officials and obtained by The Observer reveals that MI5, MI6 and the police are demanding new legislation to log every phone call made in this country and store the information for seven years at a vast government­run 'data warehouse', a super computer that will hold the information. “Information is Power” From “Knowledge is Power” ­ Francis Bacon, 1620 klaatu barada nikto klaatu a.k.a. END OF PRESENTATION a.k.a. END OF PRESENTATION ...
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  • Fall '09
  • Human genome, Human Genome Project Project, Genome Project Project, PRIVACY PRIVACY, common themes. Privacy

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