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lec8 - Outline • BST insertion deletion search • AVL...

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Unformatted text preview: Outline • BST: insertion, deletion, search • AVL tree: definition • AVL tree: insert • AVL tree: delete • AVL tree maintenance: rotations Lecture 8, AVL Tree p. 1 Basic Operations on BST Find: • Compare to the value at root • If not at the root, recursively find in the appropriate subtree • Stop when an empty tree is reached Insert: • Search until the empty subtree is reached • Replace the empty subtree with a node containing the value Delete: • Search the value • If the value is at a leaf, delete the leaf • If the value is at a node with one child, delete the node, and promote its child • If the value is at a node with two children, move the value in the predecessor (or successor) into this node, delete its predecessor (or successor) Lecture 8, AVL Tree p. 2 Rotations: Single Rotation x y y Tc right−rotate(x) Ta x Ta Tb left−rotate(y) Tb Tc Lecture 8, AVL Tree p. 3 Rotations: Double Rotation 2 x z 1 y z Tc y x Ta Tb1 Tb2 1: left−rotate(y) 2: right−rotate(x) Ta Tb1 Tb2 Tc Lecture 8, AVL Tree p. 4 An Example 7 3 8 2 5 9 0 Insert(1) Delete(8) 4 6 Lecture 8, AVL Tree p. 5 ...
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