AcidsandBasesNotes

AcidsandBasesNotes - Acids and Bases A. Acids: 1. Sour...

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Acids and Bases A. Acids: 1. Sour Taste 2. Dilute acids feel like water, can still burn the skin over time. 3. React with metals. 4. Conduct Electricity B. Bases: 1. Bitter Taste 2. Feel slippery (soap) 3. Do not react with metals 4. Conduct Electricity C. Definitions 1. Arrhenius Definition: a. Defined by Svante Arrhenius (Swedish) (1859 – 1927) b. Works under the assumption that acids and bases are in solution. c. Acid: any substance that can donate H + ions. d. Base: any substance that can donate OH - ions. 2. Bronsted-Lowry Definition: a. JN Bronsted (Danish) and TM Lowry (English) b. Allows for solids to be acids and bases c. Acid: A molecule that can donate a proton. 1. Usually in the form of a H + d. Base: any substance that can accept a proton. 1. Will usually have an OH - group 3. Lewis Definition: a. GN Lewis (American) b. Based on the Lewis Structure. c. Acid: an atom, ion, or molecule that can accept an electron pair to form a covalent bond. d. Base: an atom, ion, or molecule that can donate an electron pair to form a covalent bond.
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4. Examples of Acids and Bases Name: Acids Formula: Name: Bases Formula: Hydrochloric Acid HCl Sodium hydroxide NaOH Nitric Acid HNO 3 Potassium hydroxide KOH Acetic Acid HC 2 H 3 O 2 Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH) 2 Sulfuric Acid H 2 SO 4 Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH) 2 Carbonic Acid H 2 CO 3 Barium Hydroxide Ba(OH) 2 Phosphoric Acid H 3 PO 4 Ammonia NH 3 D. Generic Reactions for Acids and Bases
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AcidsandBasesNotes - Acids and Bases A. Acids: 1. Sour...

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