History of the FMEA

History of the FMEA - History of the FMEA o The FMEA...

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History of the FMEA o The FMEA discipline was developed in the United States Military. Military Procedure MIL-P- 1629, titled Procedures for Performing a Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis, is dated November 9, 1949. It was used as a reliability evaluation technique to determine the effect of system and equipment failures. Failures were classified according to their impact on mission success and personnel/equipment safety. o The term "personnel/equipment", taken directly from an abstract of Military Standard MIL-STD-1629, is notable. The concept that personnel and equipment are interchangeable does not apply in the modern manufacturing context of producing consumer goods. The manufacturers of consumer products established a new set of priorities, including customer satisfaction and safety. As a result, the risk assessment tools of the FMEA became partially outdated. They have not been adequately updated since. History of the FMEA o In 1988, the International Organization for Standardization issued the ISO 9000 series of business management standards. o The requirements of ISO 9000 pushed organizations to develop formalized Quality
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Management Systems that ideally are focused on the needs, wants, and expectations of customers. o QS 9000 is the automotive analogy to ISO 9000. A Task Force representing Chrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation developed QS 9000 in an effort to standardize supplier quality systems. o In accordance with QS 9000 standards, compliant automotive suppliers utilize Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP), including design and process FMEAs, and develop a Control Plan. History of the FMEA o Advanced Product Quality Planning standards provide a structured method of defining and establishing the steps necessary to assure that a product satisfies the customer’s requirements. Control Plans aid in manufacturing quality
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History of the FMEA - History of the FMEA o The FMEA...

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