Introduction - Introduction increased demands on companies...

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Introduction Customers are placing increased demands on companies for high quality, reliable products. The increasing capabilities and functionality of many products are making it more difficult for manufacturers to maintain the quality and reliability. Traditionally, reliability has been achieved through extensive testing and use of techniques such as probabilistic reliability modeling. These are techniques done in the late stages of development. The challenge is to design in quality and reliability early in the development cycle. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle where it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design. FMEA is used to identify potential failure modes, determine their effect on the operation of the product, and identify actions to mitigate the failures. A crucial step is anticipating what might go wrong with a product. While anticipating every failure mode is not possible, the development team should formulate as extensive a list of potential failure modes as possible. The early and consistent use of FMEAs in the design process allows the engineer to design out failures and produce reliable, safe, and customer pleasing products. FMEAs also capture historical information for use in future product improvement. Types of FMEA's There are several types of FMEAs, some are used much more often than others. FMEAs should always be done whenever failures would mean potential harm or injury to the user of the end item being designed. The types of FMEA are: System - focuses on global system functions Design - focuses on components and subsystems Process - focuses on manufacturing and assembly processes Service - focuses on service functions Software - focuses on software functions FMEA Usage Historically, engineers have done a good job of evaluating the functions and the form of products and processes in the design phase. They have not always done so well at designing in reliability and quality. Often the engineer uses safety factors as a way of making sure that the design will work and protected the user against product or process failure. As described in a recent article: "A large safety factor does not necessarily translate into a reliable product. Instead, it often leads to an overdesigned product with reliability problems." Failure Analysis Beats Murphey's Law Mechanical Engineering , September 1993 FMEA's provide the engineer with a tool that can assist in providing reliable, safe, and customer pleasing products and processes. Since FMEA help the engineer identify potential product or process failures, they can use it to: Develop product or process requirements that minimize the likelihood of those failures. Evaluate the requirements obtained from the customer or other participants in the design
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2010 for the course ME 520 taught by Professor Pradosh during the Spring '10 term at Binghamton University.

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Introduction - Introduction increased demands on companies...

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