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Lecture%203 - Phonetics LIN 228H1F LECTURE 3 English Vowels...

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Phonetics LIN 228H1F May 17, 2010 Page 1 of 8 LECTURE 3: English Vowels Outline: 1. Transcription of English Vowels 2. Allophonic Processes with English Vowels while the book talks about GA, General American pronunciation, pages 123-126 talk about general Canadian pronunciation specifically; the two overlap in the majority of cases English Vowels - Chart front central back tense lax tense lax tense lax high i b ea t ɪ b i t u b oo t ʊ p u t mid high ej b ai t ə a bout ow b oa t mid low ɛ b e t ʌ b u t ɔ w ɔ j b o re b o y low aj aw b i te ab ou t æ b a t ɑ b ou ght rounded vowels are circled there are 15 vowels symbol /a/ is the only symbol you can use with diphthongs in combination with /j w/ */ ɑ j ɑ w/ is wrong symbol /o/ is the only symbol you can use with the diphthong in combination with /w/ */ ɔ w/ is wrong symbol / ɔ / is the only symbol you can use with the diphthong in combination with /j/ */oj/ is wrong symbol /e/ is the only symbol you can use with the diphthong in combination with /j/ */ ɛ j/ is wrong
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Phonetics LIN 228H1F May 17, 2010 Page 2 of 8 Describing English Vowels Vowels are described using four dimensions: 1. front/back : the front, central or back part of the tongue is the active articulator; the tongue is fronted, backed or none (i) front b ea t (ii) back b oo t (iii) central b u t 2. high/low
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