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Unformatted text preview: 17, 2010 1. front/back: the front, central or back part of the tongue is the active articulator; the tongue is fronted, backed or none (i) front beat (ii) back (iii) central boot but 2. high/low: the tongue is fronted/backed/none and positioned high, mid or low (i) high beat (ii) low bat/bought (iii) mid b et 3. rounded/unrounded: the lips (i) rounded boot (ii) unrounded beat Page 2 of 8 Phonetics LIN 228H1F 4. tense/lax: muscles of the vocal tract are tense (tongue and/or lips) (i) tense beat May 17, 2010 (ii) lax bit/put tense vowels occur in open syllables and closed syllables, while lax vowel occur only in closed syllables closed syllable ends in C seat /sit/ sit /sɪt/ CVC open syllable ends is V see /si/ */sɪ/ CV the only lax vowel that can occur in open syllables in /ə/ sofa /sowfə/ tense vowels are inherently (by their own nature, not depending on the context) longer than lax [ ˑ ] beat [biˑt˺] bit [bɪt˺] Reduced Vowels /ə ɪ/ in English, vowels in unstressed syllables get reduced to /ə/ about /əˈbawt/ sofa /ˈsowfə/ phone /ˈfown/ phonetics /fəˈnɛtəks/ Page 3 of 8 Phonetics LIN 228H1F /ɪ/ can occur instead of /ə/ next to coronal sounds courage /ˈkəɹɪdʒ/ May 17, 2010 /ə/ is called the neutral vowel, because the tongue is in the neutral position during its production and the...
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- Summer '10