afam paper2 - Hobbs, April Slavery has impacted the...

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Hobbs, April Slavery has impacted the evolution of human societies over the span of recorded history. The inflicted human suffering, degradation and the loss of the moral imperative of freedom, self-determination, equality, and justice have outweighed its economic benefits. No part of the globe has been immune to the affliction of slavery including the United States of America, a nation established on the principles of individual liberties, where slavery lasted well into the 19 th century. Slavery had a large negative impact on the lives of not only blacks but whites as well in the United States where a nation waged a war against itself in part because of differences over the involuntary servitude of blacks. The American Civil War may have led to the emancipation. However, the resulting freeman status did not provide immediate access to the liberties and rights afforded to the white majority, many of whom were former slave owners. Strategies to promote access to the benefits of American citizenship were a major effort of post Civil War social reform actives and the emerging civil rights movement. Two prominent black men and leading educators, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois advocated education as a means to promote access for blacks to all the privileges guaranteed under the Constitution. However, they had strikingly different views on post slavery black society and the strategies needed to gain its full equality. Washington and Du Bois can be contrasted and compared in their respective texts, Up from Slavery and The Souls of Black Folk, which unveil untold personalities, political views, philosophies, and more, of each author. The conceptual similarities and differences of Washington and Du Bois became the basis for consensus and debate on the different views on achieving black equality. In Up from Slavery Booker T. Washington, a former slave, focused on the importance of education, dignity of work, the affects of slavery, and the relationships 1
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Hobbs, April between races. The importance of education influenced Washington at an early age. This early influence appeared when he stated, “The picture of several dozen boys and girls in a schoolroom engaged in study made a deep impression upon me, and I had the feeling that to get into a schoolhouse and study in this way would be about the same as getting into paradise.” 1 Washington’s advocacy for black education became evident through his creation of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. His goal for this school was to provide industrial education opportunities for blacks. He believed that blacks’ skilled labor potential was a source of power, and the failure to use it was not acceptable. He did not believe that blacks should embrace liberal ideas (math and science) because this did not take advantage of their natural industrial capabilities (Lecture) which he believed was an essential element of a stepwise approach to equality for blacks. Washington also related the impact of slavery on the preparation needed for industrial education. He
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2010 for the course AFAM NA taught by Professor G during the Spring '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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afam paper2 - Hobbs, April Slavery has impacted the...

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