Bio Midterm Review II

Bio Midterm Review II - Bio Midterm Review II Chapter 10...

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Bio Midterm Review II Chapter 10 The most important fuels are sugars Plants make their own sugars through photosythesis requires CO2 Animals eat other organisms o Sugar molecules are broken down into CO2 and H2O This energy is stored in ATP and NADPH o Catabolism - break down process which uses enzymes to break down molecules. o Digestion occurs in the lysosome Stage 1: Digestive enzymes reduce polymeric molecules into mono sub units: Proteins into amino acids Fats into Fatty Acid and glycerol Polysaccharides - sim Stage 2: Cytosol to mitochondria Glycolysis converts each molecule of glucose into two smaller molecules pyruvate . The pyruvate is then transported to the matrix of the mitochondria. The mitochondria converts the pyruvate into Co2 and acetyl CoA which is also produced in the break down of fatty acids. Stage 3: Mitochondrion reactions. Coa is transferred acetyl group to a molecule called the oxaloacetate to form citrate. Then the citric acid cycle creates NADH which are passed along the
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Bio Midterm Review II - Bio Midterm Review II Chapter 10...

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