GE100 Notes Book

GE100 Notes Book - Chapter One Easter Island Pacific Ocean...

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Chapter One Easter Island Pacific Ocean. Carried a small isolated civilization. Known for creating Moai, which are large statutes that represent their ancestors. Discovered in 1722 by the Dutch. Signs of war and destruction were present. Why did the society devolve? - They depleted the islands environmental resources in competition for food disrupted the communal system. - As the forests were cleared the population peaked, and then crashed from 8000 to 1600. - This model is used to illustrate and identify principals of sustainability. o A sustainable society meets the needs of the present generation without harming the needs of the future generations. A natural resource is something that we use to meet our biological and economical needs. Ex: forests, oil, water Easter Islanders deforested their forests faster than the forest could rejuvenate. Waste assimilation – the ability to the environment to absorb and disperse waste, making waste less harmful Pollution- The waste produced that cause change in our natural environment that could potentially harm living organisms. The forests and the soil on Eastern Island were the most important natural resources because it maintained local and regional climates. Principle of Sustainability -Principle Number One: A society does not use natural resources or produce wastes faster than they are regenerated or assimilated in the environment. -Principle Number Two: A society must adapt and promote decisions that contribute to a sustainable society. A system is a collection of parts that generates predictable patterns. Ex: What makes a society a society. The system can also be in the perspective of the environment. o Example: The rat population on Easter Island increased, and the rats ate the seeds of the trees, depleting the regeneration of tree growth. o A sustainable society must account for the highly interconnected relationship of the system and all of its connections between human interaction and its affects on its environment. - Principle Number Three: The first two principles of sustainability must be meshed with moral and ethical principles to govern fairness. o If fairness is not present the system will dissipate.
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o Food, power, and material wealth must be distributed evenly. o The questions that ultimately govern these ideas are dependant on the definition of justice and fairness. - Principle Number Four: Incentives for sustainable behavior. o Social incentives must favor the ones who act in a sustainable way and may punish the ones who act in a non-sustainable way. o On Easter Island, the communities that were able to clear land faster were rewarded rather than stopped. -
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GE100 Notes Book - Chapter One Easter Island Pacific Ocean...

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