CHAPTER13�DISORDER OF MIND AND BODY

CHAPTER13�DISORDER OF MIND AND BODY - 23:30

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23:30 CHAPTER13—DISORDER OF MIND AND BODY [How Are Mental Disorders Conceptualized and Classified?] Mental Disorders Are Classified into Categories     *** Emil Kraepelin Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorder(DSM)— a handbook  of clinical disorder used for diagnosing psychopathology. Multiaxial system —the system used in the DSM that provides assessment  along five axes describing important mental health factors I: clinical disorders and other conditions that may be a focus of clinical  attention (e.g. schizophrenia; mood, anxiety, sexual and gender, sleep,  eating disorders) II: mental retardation and personality disorder (e.g. antisocial,  paranoid,  borderline personality disorders) III: general medical conditions that may be relevant to mental disorders  (e.g. cancer, epilepsy, obesity, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease) IV: psychosocial and environmental problems that might affect the  diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders (e.g.  unemployment, divorce, legal problems, homelessness, poverty, parental  overprotection) V: global assessment of functioning (social, psychological, and  occupational) Mental Disorders Must Be Assessed before Diagnosis     Assessment —the process of examining a person’s mental functions and  psychological health Make a  diagnosis  so that appropriate treatment can be provided for the  specific disorder Mental Status Exam Clinical interview:  most common method of psychological assessment to  ask the person about current symptoms and experiences that might be  causing distress Unstructured interviews topics varies as different aspects of the person’s problems based on passed experience unique that no 2 interviews are likely to elicit identical info
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Structure interviews standardized questions and asked in the same order each time Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID) : make diagnoses according  to DSM criteria Facilitate assessment as well as research and treatment behavioural assessment: helping psychological assessor gain info by  observing the clients’ behaviours, especially with children; also for  neuropsychological testing: indicate problems with a particular brain region Psychological testing Beck Depression Inventory: a relatively short scale that is widely used by  researchers to assess symptoms of depression Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory:  most widely used  questionnaire for psychological assessment, assess a broad range of  mental disorders and general mental health. o
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2010 for the course PSY PSY100H1 taught by Professor Urbszat during the Summer '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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CHAPTER13�DISORDER OF MIND AND BODY - 23:30

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