Final Review - A postolic Sucession- Idea that Christianity...

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Apostolic Sucession- Idea that Christianity should relate to the apostles, who were handpicked by Jesus. Thus, anyone picked by the apostles is indirectly picked by Jesus, and so forth. So, some people would want church leaders, such as bishops, deacons, etc. to be picked by those picked by those… by Jesus. This is the idea of Apostolic succession, with roots in the noncanonical letter 1 Clement, possibly written by Clement, the third bishop of the Church in Rome. Apparently, the Church in Corinth’s elders had been overthrown, and Clement is mad because he thinks the writings of the apostles and their successors come from God. Also, there is the idea that things taught now about Jesus should be the same as what the apostles taught, even though many years have passed. Torah- First five books of Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, and Numbers, which Moses was traditionally thought to have written, or alternately the Law of God given to Moses. Means “guidance” or “direction,” but often translated as “law.” Nevi’im- =“Prophets.” The second of three major sections of the “Tanakh,” or the Hebrew Bible. Divided into 2 parts, Former prophets (Joshua through Kings) and later prophets, which are mainly prophecies in the form of biblical poetry. 8 books total. Kethuvim- “Writings.” The third part of the Tanakh, featuring 11 books. Considered one level less divine than the prophecies of the Nevi’im. Tanakh- Hebrew bible, or Old Testament. Divided into the above 3 parts, each part slightly less inspired than the one preceding it. 24 books total. Synagogue- A Jewish place of worship and prayer. From Greek word for “gathering together.” Started by Jews in the Diaspora, who obviously couldn’t go to the temple all the time. Instead of performing sacrifices, Jews in the synagogues discussed the Torah and prayed to the God of Israel. Pharisees- Best known, least understood. Began during Maccabean period, and wrote many of their own laws to try to clarify ambiguities in the Law of the Old Testament. Not very politically powerful until after 70 C.E. At this time, didn’t hear about “Pharisees” and “Sadducees,” but just “Rabbis.” Did believe in the afterlife. Teachers of the Torah. Attacked in parts of the New Testament, especially in Matthew. Sadducees- No remaining literary works from Sadducees. Real Power Players in Palestine in Jesus’ day. Most Sadducees were priests. The Sanhedrin- the Jewish council- was made up primarily of Sadducees. Didn’t believe in the afterlife- either soul perishes with body or
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exists in shadowy netherworld. Didn’t care about eating, other day to day stuff, as much as about sacrifices. Zealots- Group of Galilean Jews who fled to Jerusalem during the uprising against Rome in
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Final Review - A postolic Sucession- Idea that Christianity...

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