Gospel of Thomas - Christen Gnosticism and the Gospel of...

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Christen Gnosticism and the Gospel of Thomas Review of Johannine Community and its Schisms (according to Raymond Brown) o Phase One: Origins (mind 50s-late 80s) within Palestinian synagogue among Jews, additions of new groups leads to higher Christological claims o Phase Two: Gospel (ca. 90): community moves from Palestine to diaspora; increasingly hostile stance towards ‘the Jews” o Phase Three: Epistles (ca. 100): two groups emerge—the adherents of the author of the epistles vs. the secessionists o Phase Four: After the Epistles (2 nd century) Defining the “secessionists” of Johannine Epistles o Docetism (Gk: dokew , ‘to seem’) Primary claim of this group that seceded seems to have been that Jesus only SEEMED to be human. Only appeared. “We have heard with our ears, seen with out eyes” (John’s rebuttal) In the second century, we know about Christians who thought that Jesus only SEEMED to be human Docetists o Chrstological claim: Christ only ‘seemed to appear explains 1 Jn2: 19, 22; 4:2-3; 2 Jn 7. Also consider the story of ‘doubting Thomas’ in GJohn and opening of 1 John. o “Gnosticism” (gk: gnosis, “knowledge”) o Ideology or worldview that emphasizes special knowledge o Christology: very high Docetism (Gk: dokew , ‘to seem’) “Gnosticism” (gk: gnosis, “knowledge”) Christology: very high
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Gospel of Thomas - Christen Gnosticism and the Gospel of...

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