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Unformatted text preview: Methods of H istorical Reconstruction Independent and multiple attestation: the more sources that say the same thing, the stronger the case for historicity; but sources must be independent from one another Dissimilarity/embarrassment criterion: if a story or saying stands at odds with what Christians wanted to say, its more likely historical Contextual credibility: the story/saying must be historically plausible in Jesus own first-century Jewish Palestinian context A Third Quest? Recent Historical reconstructions, Jesus as: E.P. Sanders: an apocalyptic thinker B. H. Mack: Jesus the Cynic M.J. Borg: midst of nationalist and political unrest John P. Meier: marginal Jew John Dominic Crossan: Jewish Peasant Paula Frederiksen: apocalypticist Examples of Independent and Multiple Attestation John the Baptist (in Synoptic, in John, in Josephus) Jesus said to have brothers (Mk 6:3; Jn 7:3; Paul in 1 Corinthians 9:5 and Gal 1:19; Josephus...
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- Spring '10