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Unformatted text preview: Methods of H istorical Reconstruction • Independent and multiple attestation: the more sources that say the same thing, the stronger the case for historicity; but sources must be independent from one another • Dissimilarity/embarrassment criterion: if a story or saying stands at odds with what Christians wanted to say, it’s more likely historical • Contextual credibility: the story/saying must be historically plausible in Jesus’ own first-century Jewish Palestinian context A “Third Quest”? Recent Historical reconstructions, Jesus as: • E.P. Sanders: an apocalyptic thinker • B. H. Mack: Jesus the Cynic • M.J. Borg: midst of nationalist and political unrest • John P. Meier: marginal Jew • John Dominic Crossan: Jewish Peasant • Paula Frederiksen: apocalypticist Examples of Independent and Multiple Attestation • John the Baptist (in Synoptic, in John, in Josephus) • Jesus said to have brothers (Mk 6:3; Jn 7:3; Paul in 1 Corinthians 9:5 and Gal 1:19; Josephus •...
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- Spring '10
- John the Baptist, apocalyptic thinker B., Classic Jewish Apocalyptic, historical Contextual credibility, ultiple Attestation John