AMAZON CONSERVATION

AMAZON CONSERVATION - THE CONQUEST OF THE AMAZON Osvaldo...

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THE CONQUEST OF THE AMAZON Osvaldo Jordan October 6, 2008
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EARLY HISTORY The Amazon was always a disputed frontier after the imaginary line drawn by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494). During the colonial period, both Spanish Peru and Portuguese Brazil sent entradas and missionaries to the Amazon Basin. In the XIX and early XX century, they were followed by serengueiros (rubber tappers) from the coastal areas.
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MODERN HISTORY The Rubber Boom of the late XIX century integrated the Amazon into the global economy, and secured Brazilian sovereignty. However, after the fall of rubber prices, the region remained a frontier until the mid-XX century. The creation of Brasilia by Kubitschek signaled the advance of an asserting Brazilian state over the Amazon.
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MODERN HISTORY The Military became obsessed with the Conquest of the Amazon, which became a question of national security (or according to Zibechi (2006) imperial expansion?). They borrowed millions of dollars to construct the Trans-Amazonian Highway, as well as several gigantic hydroelectric dams. They also offered tax subsidies for cattle ranchers, and promoted land speculation. The Lost Decade and the democratic transition brought about a respite to the Amazon, yet colonization has continued aggressively until today.
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Who is to blame for the destruction of the Amazon? According to Fearnside, the poor are responsible for
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2010 for the course CPO 3300 taught by Professor Jc during the Spring '10 term at University of Florida.

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AMAZON CONSERVATION - THE CONQUEST OF THE AMAZON Osvaldo...

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