COLOMBIA HISTORY - COLOMBIA HISTORICAL OVERVIEW Osvaldo...

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COLOMBIA HISTORICAL OVERVIEW Osvaldo Jordan October 13, 2009
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HISTORICAL OVERVIEW 1717-1821. Viceroyalty of New Granada. 1819-1831. First Republic of Colombia. Simon Bolivar and The Gran Colombia. 1831-1858. The Republic of New Granada. 1858-1863. Neogranadine Confederation. 1863-1886. The United States of Colombia. 1886-1991. Second Republic of Colombia. Rafael Nunez and The Regeneration. 1991 to Present. A New Republic?
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INDEPENDENCE WARS AND GRAN COLOMBIA 1810-1816. First Independence of New Granada. The Patria Boba (Dumb Fatherland). 1819-1822. Simon Bolivar and his Venezuelan Army fought to liberate New Granada. 1819-1831. The Gran Colombia was formed by the former territories of the Viceroyalty of New Granada: Venezuela, New Granada, Ecuador, and Panama. 1826. Bolivar organized the failed Congress of The Americas in Panama. 1830. The Liberator died completely disillusioned in Santa Marta.
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REPUBLIC OF NEW GRANADA (1831-1858) There were constant civil wars between Liberals and Conservatives. The rifts included divisions among artisans- merchants, and Catholics-seculars. There was also a heated debate about federalism or centralized government.
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COLOMBIAN FEDERALISM 1858-1863. Neogranadine Confederation. This federation was opposed by Radical Liberals. 1863-1885. After seizing power, they created the United States of Colombia. According to the new Constitution, the States were sovereign in all respects, but military defense and currency. 1886. The Conservative Rafael Nunez announced the end of the federation, and the creation of a new unitary state (The Regeneration).
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REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA 1899-1902. The Regeneration was followed by the One Thousand Days War between Liberals and Conservatives. Around 100,000 died in this civil war.
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