INDEPENDENCE WARS - FROM INDEPENDENCE TO MODERNIZATION...

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FROM INDEPENDENCE TO MODERNIZATION Osvaldo Jordan-Ramos September 1, 2009
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REVOLUTION FROM BELOW 1780-1782. Tupac Amaru Rebellion (Peru). 1781. Comunero Revolt in New Granada (present- day Colombia). 1810-1815. Hidalgo and Morelos (Mexico). ELITE (CREOLE-LED) REVOLUTION 1811-1819. Venezuelan War of Independence. 1813-1817. Argentinean War of Independence. CONSERVATIVE REVOLUTION 1821. Mexican and Peruvian Independence.
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THE BOLIVARIAN DREAM In 1821, Simon Bolivar proclaimed the First Republic of Colombia or Gran Colombia ( Venezuela, New Granada and Ecuador). In Guayaquil (1822), San Martin and Bolivar never agreed on a common political project. Between 1822-1825, Bolivar ensured the independence of Peru and Upper Peru (Bolivia). During the next five years, he struggled to turn Gran Colombia into a functioning republic, and called for the Congress of Panama.
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THE BOLIVARIAN DREAM After escaping a plot for his assassination, a disillusioned Bolivar died in Santa Marta (nowadays Caribbean Colombia). He coined the common expression:
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2010 for the course CPO 3300 taught by Professor Jc during the Spring '10 term at University of Florida.

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INDEPENDENCE WARS - FROM INDEPENDENCE TO MODERNIZATION...

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