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Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - 1 Parts of the Constitution Article 1 =...

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1 Parts of the Constitution - Article 1 = Legislative - collect taxes / deals with money / declare war / raise and support army and navy. Article 2 = Executive – veto congressional bill / commander in chief / make treaties / appoint ambassadors / must be natural born citizen / at least 35 / must be a resident for 14 yrs. Article 3 = Judicial – deals in all cases affecting ambassadors / stuff out at sea / stuff across state lines. Preamble = states the founding father's intentions regarding the Constitution's meaning and what they hoped it would achieve Elements of Constitution : Republicanism – the ideology of governing a nation as a republic, where the head of state is appointed by means other than heredity, often elections. Federalism - a system in which the power to govern is shared between national and central (state) governments / the type of politics wherein a group of members create a sovereign constitution with central governing authority and political units. Separation of powers - the political doctrine in which the executive, legislative and judicial branches of gov are kept distinct, to prevent abuse of power. Checks and balances - each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others / Each branch “checks” the power of the other branches to make sure that the power is balanced between them. Major principles: promote the common good order communication protect the rights of the individual freedom classical liberal How to change the Constitution - an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two- thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional
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convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures / A proposed amendment becomes part of the Constitution as soon as it is ratified by three-fourths of the States Federalists – strong national gov Antifederalists – strong states rights (anti-constitution) / really wanted a bill of rights Theories – see “Elements of the Constitution” President – 10 year term Declaration of Independence – Framers originally opposed a bill of rights / applies to federal gov and congress / Due Process Clause - The idea that laws and legal proceedings must be fair. The Constitution guarantees that the government cannot take away a person's basic rights to “life, liberty or property, without due process of law.” Supreme Court – neutral branch of gov (judicial) / 9 justices who are all equal / life-termed / exercises both original (the right to hear a case for the first time) and appellate jurisdiction (the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts) Congress – collect taxes / deals with money / declare war / raise and support army and navy House of Representatives : 435 2 year terms depends on population reapportioned every 10 years (with the census) followed by redistricting Min age: 25 Resident and Citizen for 7 years
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Final Study Guide - 1 Parts of the Constitution Article 1 =...

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