Exam 4 Review

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Exam 4 Review
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An Overview Of Education o Education  is the social institution responsible for the  systematic transmission of  knowledge, skills, and  cultural values  within a formally organized structure o Education is a  social institution n Imparts values, beliefs, and knowledge considered  essential to the social reproduction of individual  personalities and entire cultures
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Informal Education in Preliterate  Societies o Preliterate societies  existed before the invention  of reading and writing o People in these societies acquire knowledge  and  skills through  informal education  - learning that  occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way o Parents and other members of the group provide  information about how to gather food, find shelter,  make weapons and tools, and get along with  others
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Formal Education o Learning that takes place within an academic  setting n Planned instructional processes n Teachers who convey specific knowledge,  skills, and thinking processes to students o Mass education  refers to providing free,  public schooling for wide segments of a  nation’s population
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Cultural Transmission o The process by which children and recent  immigrants become acquainted with: n Dominant cultural beliefs, values, norms, and  accumulated knowledge of a society o Occurs through informal and formal education
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Sociological Perspectives on  Education o Functionalists  suggest that education  contributes to the maintenance of society and  provides opportunity for upward social mobility o Conflict theorists  argue that education  perpetuates social inequality o Symbolic interactionists  focus on classroom  dynamics and the effect of self-concept on grades  and aspirations
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Manifest Functions of Education o Socialization o Transmission of  culture o Social control o Social placement o Change and  innovation
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Latent Functions of Education o Restricting some  activities o Matchmaking and  production of social  networks o Creating a generation  gap
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Conflict Perspective o Education reproduces existing class  relationships o Unequal funding is a source of inequality in  education o Access to colleges and universities is  determined not only by academic record but  also by the ability to pay
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Cultural Capital and Class  Reproduction o According to the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu,  students come to school with different  amounts of  cultural capital n Socially approved dress and manners,  knowledge about books, art, music o The educational system teaches and  reinforces values that sustain the elite’s  position in society
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The Hidden Curriculum o A study of five elementary schools in  different communities found: n
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This note was uploaded on 07/21/2010 for the course SOC 1305 taught by Professor Mueller during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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Exam 4 Review - Exam4Review ClicktoeditMastersubtitlestyle

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