Exam 4 Study Guide

Exam 4 Study Guide - Micro/Macro views of Education Macro...

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Micro/Macro views of Education - Macro : sociologists worked to identify how various social forces (such as politics, economics, culture, etc.) created variation in schools as organizations. Micro : identify how variation in school practices led to differences in individual-level student outcomes Infor mal/Formal and Mass Education - Informal education : learning that occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way Formal education : learning that takes place within an academic setting Mass education : providing free, public schooling for wide segments of a nation’s population Cultural Transmission - The process by which children and recent immigrants become acquainted with: 1. Dominant cultural beliefs 2. values 3. norms 4. accumulated knowledge of a society Sociological perspectives on Education - Functionalists : suggest that education contributes to the maintenance of society and provides opportunity for upward social mobility Conflict theorists : argue that education perpetuates social inequality Symbolic interactionists : focus on classroom dynamics and the effect of self-concept on grades and aspirations Manifest/Latent functions of Education - Manifest : Socialization, Transmission of culture, Social control, Social placement, Change and innovation Latent : Restricting some activities, Matchmaking and production of social networks, Creating a generation gap Cultural capital - According to the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, students come to school with different amounts of cultural capital Socially approved dress and manners, knowledge about books, art, music The educational system teaches and reinforces values that sustain the elite’s position in society The Hidden Curriculum -
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A study of five elementary schools in different communities found: Schools for working-class students emphasize procedures and rote memorization Schools for middle-class students stress the processes involved in getting the right answer Schools for affluent students focus on activities in which students express their own ideas Schools for students from elite families work to develop critical thinking skills, applying abstract principles to problem solving Self-Fulfilling Prophecy - An unsubstatiated belief or prediction resulting in behavior that makes the orignial false belief come true
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Exam 4 Study Guide - Micro/Macro views of Education Macro...

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