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ORIPUN (Oripes) Oripun came from the transitive form of an archaic root “udip” meaning “to let live”. commuted penal sentence, or victimization by the more powerful. Debt slavery was prevalent because agriculture was undeveloped, goods limited, and interest  rates high, so debtors had little collateral except their own persons. Just like datus and timawas, oripuns bore children of their same class; or in the case of mixed  marriages, their children became half- or quarter-slaves who served their masters half or  quarter time. Types of Oripun:  o Hayohay or Ayuey – oripun who lived in their master’s house - they received their food and clothing from him - the bottom of the Oripun scale - “most enslaved”, as Loarca put it, “the ones they mostly sell to the Spaniards” - gintubo – their children raised in their master’s house, who might become favorites  called  sibin  or  ginogatan , treated like his own children and set free on his death ~ a grown gintubo: Sanchez said, “is like a freedman who lives on his own” o Tuhay or Mamahay – oripun with their own house and field - supported themselves, giving their masters only a share of their labor or crops - they could earn enough to decrease their debt or even pay it off full - they still had a claim to their children, though his raising them was often seen as a 
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  • Spring '09
  • Cal
  • apo Great grandchildren, actual purchases Lubos, Visayan kinship terms, apo sa tohod, polite tabi expressions, gold teeth Competition

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