determinants of health stu - Factors that influence...

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Factors that influence perception and definition of illness and disease 1. Personal factors 1. Age 2. Socio-economic status a. Education b. Income c. Residence 2. Community factors 1. Culture 2. Community characteristics 3. Government related factors 1. Politics 2. Economic development and industrialization
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Influences on health Being healthy is a choice based on decisions regarding lifestyle and behaviour taken by individuals Being health is also determined by other factors such as one’s genes, social class, ethnic background and/or personality Being healthy is affected by both decisions taken by the individual and the other factors, some of which are beyond the control of the individual Community factors Global environment Climatic changes Governmental policies and regulations
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Sustainable health It is that state in the continuum of health that an individual makes choices leading to better health with minimum intervention to reduce or negate signs and symptoms of ill-health. As a result of these choices the individual attains above average health leading towards optimum health Optimum health Good health Average health Signs of illness Symptoms of illness Disability and death Optimum health Disability and death
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Sustainable health It is that state in the continuum of health that an individual makes choices leading to better health with minimum intervention to reduce or negate signs and symptoms of ill-health. As a result of these choices the individual attains above average health leading towards optimum health Optimum health Good health Average health Signs of illness Symptoms of illness Disability and death Optimum health Disability and death
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Determinants of health _________________ are factors that help to determine the health and wellness status (quality of health, absence of disease and illness, ability to access health-care services) of individuals or communities Health is multidimensional and is affected by different factors which are inter-related: Predisposing factors, enhancing factors and re-enforcing factors Modifiable factors and un-modifiable factors Personal or individual factors Other factors that affect health indirectly: Ethnicity impacts lifestyle and dietary habits Socioeconomic factors could be altered by both the individual and the community and some of these positive alterations may lead to better health and sustainable health
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Key determinants according to Health Canada Key Determinants Income and Social Status Social Support Networks Education and Literacy Employment/Working Conditions Social Environments Physical Environments Personal Health Practices and Copin Healthy Child Development Biology and Genetic Endowment Health Services Gender Culture
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Factors that influence health --------------- determinants Ethnicity and Socioeconomic status determinants ----------------------------- determinants Healthcare organization determinants --------------------- determinants 1 5 4 3 2 ---------------------------- factors 6
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