Healthy Lifestyle-Weight Management

Healthy Lifestyle-Weight Management -...

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Healthy lifestyle: weight  management Why to manage weight, what is ideal weight, how to  achieve it and maintain it? Exploration and evaluation of weight management  techniques.
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Obesity in Canada, 1985-1998 •Obesity is how much fat your body contains (Fig. 8.1)
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Finding the right balance The present generation is  either:  According to a 1995 study, 32% of Canadians are  overweight Overweight Canadians try several methods to loose  weight and get in desirable shape
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Problems With Being Overweight Being overweight increases our risk of Heart disease Certain types of cancer Arthritis  Gallbladder Diseases  Poor emotional health Early demise  Diabetes
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Determining the right weight Traditionally people have compared their weight with  data from some form of standard height-and-weight  chart. If you are 20 – 30% above your ideal weight, as  indicated in the chart you would be classified as obese Essential fat is required for normal physiological process  and makes up 3-7% in men and 15% in women of our  total body mass.  Storage fat makes up the rest of our fat  content In recent years the real indicator of obesity, is  considered to be, how much fat your body contains (Fig.  8.2) There is no universally accepted standards for ideal weight  There is no universally accepted standards for ideal weight  or body composition or body composition
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General ratings of body fat percentages  by age and sex Ratings Males (% Body Fat) (18-30 years) Females (% Body Fat) (18-30 years) Athletic 6-10 10-15 Good 11-14 16-19 Acceptable 15-17 20-24 Over fat 18-19 25-29 Obese 20 and over 30 and over
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Methods to Determine Body Fat Hydrostatic weighing techniques- Hydrostatic weighing techniques- Pinched skin fold measures (PSM)- Pinched skin fold measures (PSM)- Skinfold caliper test- Skinfold caliper test- Girth and circumference Girth and circumference Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA )- Body mass index (BMI)- Body mass index (BMI)-  is based on your weight/height 2
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Body mass index (BMI) BMI = weight(kg)/height(m)2 Health Risk Classification According to Body Mass Index Classification BMI Category (kg/m2) Risk of developing  health problems Underweight < 18.5 Increased Normal Weight 18.5 - 24.9 Least Overweight 25.0 - 29.9 Increased Obese class I 30.0 - 34.9 High Obese class II 35.0 - 39.9 Very high Obese class III               >= 40.0 Extremely high Note: For persons 65 years and older the 'normal' range may begin  slightly above BMI 18.5 and extend into the 'overweight' range.
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Healthy Lifestyle-Weight Management -...

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