Diseases-Chronic and Infectious

Diseases-Chronic and Infectious - Diseaseprevention:chronic,

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Disease prevention: chronic,  infectious and non-infectious Risks of cardiovascular diseases and cancer Risks of infectious and non-infectious  diseases
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Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) Currently leading cause of death in canada. 
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Atherosclerosis Thickening or hardening of … Deposits of cholesterol, calcium and fibrin (protein) These build ups are referred to as plaque. Depending  on size and location, it can lead to hemorrhage, heart  attacks and stroke, there is a genetic linkage Enhanced by smoking 
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Myocardial Infarction (MI) A blockage of blood supply to an area of the heart. If it is a small block, the heart can remove it. Absence of oxygen in that area of the heart, and that  area will begin to  die It is also known as heart attack Symptoms:  Nausea  ,  chest  pain,  vomiting,  loss  consciousness 
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Angina Pectoris Chest pain. The result of reduced blood supply to the heart. Symptoms can be indigestion and feelings of the heart being crushed. Pain is severe. The  lower  the  level  of  oxygen  not  being  received  by the heart the more pain is experienced. Not  a  heart  attack  but  is  an  indicator  that  there  are problems with the heart functioning Can be relieved by the use of beta blockers
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Arrhythmias Tachycardia: normally increased heart beat bradycardiaL the opposite; slower heart beats Fibrillation :quivering heart beats Reduces the ability to circulate blood arround the body
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Congestive Heart Failure The  result  of  overworked  heart.  This  results  in  the inability for the heart to circulate blood throughout the body Characterized by decreased volumes of blood leaving the heart and decreased amount of blood returning to the heart; leads the heart to enlarge. Reduced amount of blood available for circulation If left untreated will lead to the demise of the patient  
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Congenital and Rheumatic Heart Disease Diseases present in birth, slight murmurs  Exposure  to  germ  during  development  and  alcohol  exposure Rheumatic  has  an  impact  on  the  heart  connective  tissues; joints, brain and skin. Infection caused by bacteria in the streptacaucus 
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Result of neuronal death resulted from lack of oxygen The part of the brain that is not receiving oxygen starts to die and known as infarct zone, which will affect memory  and motor control.  Responsible  for  controlling  heart  beat  or  lungs regulation. Death is usually the outcome. Much like myocardial infarction but has to do with the brain.
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This note was uploaded on 07/21/2010 for the course HSS hss 1101 taught by Professor Gomes during the Fall '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Diseases-Chronic and Infectious - Diseaseprevention:chronic,

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