chapter_13 - Genetics Outline DNA Replication Transcription...

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Genetics
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Outline DNA Replication Transcription Translation Mutation Mendelian Genetics
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DNA DNA molecule organized into chain of nucleotides composed of three parts: Nitrogenous Base Sugar (Deoxyribose) Phosphate Group Nucleotide chains form a double helix
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DNA Four types of DNA nucleotide bases: - Guanine (G) - Adenine (A) - Cytosine (C) - Thymine (T)
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DNA Codon - Groups of three nucleotides that code for a single amino acid, which are the basic units of proteins Gene - Segment of DNA that codes for the production of a protein, which is made into an enzyme Genome - Sum total of DNA in an organism’s chromosomes
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Replication Replication S phase of cell cycle Strands of double helix unzip allowing the pairing of new nucleotides with each side of the DNA ladder
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Replication
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Gene Expression Expression Different segments of the genetic information is read in each cell type
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Expression involves two processes
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chapter_13 - Genetics Outline DNA Replication Transcription...

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