chapter_16 - Plant Names and Classification Outline...

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Plant Names and Classification
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Outline Binomial Nomenclature Kingdom Concept Classification of Major Groups Studying Evolutionary Relationships
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Binomial Nomenclature 4 th century B.C. = Greeks classified 500 plants on the basis of leaf characteristics 18 th century = Plants classification included fruit and flower structure
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Binomial Nomenclature Linnaeus classified thousands of plants and animals Abbreviated names to two parts Organized plants into 24 classes based on flower characteristics
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Binomial Nomenclature Binomial System of Nomenclature All organisms named according to this system Latin terms Binomials - Genus - Species epithet - Ex. Mentha spicata = spearmint
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International Code of Botanical Nomenclature Single book with a common index to rules translated into several languages Requires two steps to officially recognize a new species Latin description of the plant must be published in a journal Annotated specimen must be deposited in an herbarium
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