•Pope Nicolas 2refused to recognize photios’s ordination as patriarch of constaniople, photios refused to accept the filioque thinking it heretical and anathematized pope Nicolas 2.•Shism resulted from cultural/religious differences and political tentions concerning papal authority and the western inclusion of the filioque. •There was disagreement over the from Christianity should take ie either latin or greek by the recently converted bulgarain khan and slavs. •From before the 6thc language was dividing the empire, fewere and fewer ppl in the west understood greek, and two different mindsets were evolving. The greek were more mystic and the latins were more conserned about eccelesiastical governance and sacramental theology.•Roman prohibition of married clergy and the use of unleven bread for the eucharist. •The personalities of pope leo 1X backed by cardinal humbert( who excommunicated Kerularious vs. Michael kerularious patriarch of Cpole also worsened the tensions.
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Ecumenical council, Byzantine Emperor Leo, son Leo 1V, anathematized pope Nicolas