PSY WEEK 4 - Lesson: Cognition and Intelligence Page Title:...

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Unformatted text preview: Lesson: Cognition and Intelligence Page Title: Lesson Introduction Page Number: 1 Every day, you take in a lot of information through work, school, and social activities. But what do you do with that information? Through thinking or cognition, you process information and organize, understand, and communicate it to others. This lesson introduces you to: Thinking and reasoning Decision making Creativity and problem solving Communication Human intelligence Page Title: Lesson Objectives Page Number: 2 At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Define the processes of thinking and reasoning Identify strategies and rules for decision making Identify the different methods of problem solving Examine language as a communication tool Describe human intelligence and the different methods of measuring intelligence Page Title: Menu Page Page Number: 3 This lesson presents the following topics: How People Think Language Intelligence Page Title: How People Think Page Number: 4 Mental , representations that stand in for objects or events and have a picture-like quality, are one of the tools people use in the thought process. You use mental imagery every dayfor example, when remembering where you parked your car. Concepts are another form of thought processes. They are ideas that represent a class or category of objects, events, or activities. Concepts allow you to identify new objects and events. Concepts with specific rules or features are called formal concepts such as concepts for a square. Natural concepts are formed by real-world experiences. Prototypes ] are examples of a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics of a concept. A Labrador Retriever is a good prototype example for the concept of dogs . Your culture and upbringing impact your formation of prototypes. Page Title: Problem Solving Page Number: 5 There are several different ways that people approach problem solving , or the process of cognition that occurs when a goal must be reached by thinking and behaving in certain ways: Trial and error is the problem-solving method in which one possible solution after another is tried until a successful one is found. Have you ever forgotten your PIN number or password on an email account? You might try a variety of word or number combinations until you get the correct answer. If you follow specific step-by-step procedures for solving a problem, you are using an algorithm , which is a very specific, step-by-step procedure. Have you ever played with a Rubik's Cube? There are certain steps that must take place to solve the puzzle. a Rubik's Cube?...
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PSY WEEK 4 - Lesson: Cognition and Intelligence Page Title:...

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