test_2 - 1 Gender roles characteristics attitudes feelings...

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1 Gender roles - characteristics, attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that society expects for males and females. Gender identity - perception of themselves as either masculine or feminine. Gender role stereotype - belief and expectation that both men and women will display definite traditional gender-role characteristics. Role conflict- frustration and uncertainties that a person experiences when confronted with the requirements of two or more roles that are incompatible with each other. Social learning theory - people learn attitude, belief and behaviors through social interaction. - Observing other people such as parents, friends, and siblings Modeling: Pattern of behavior after someone or a group of people (wearing parents clothes, copying dad working, etc.) Reward: Children potty training (give treat if done correctly) Sanctions: San=disapproval. Child doesn’t clean room – parents yell or group them Gender schema theory - children actively construct for themselves what it means to be male or female. Instrumental roles - husbands and fathers must be “real men.” A “real man: is a procreator, protector, and a provider. Must produce children (hopefully boys, so they’ll carry on the family name). Expressive Roles - wives and mothers provide emotional support and nurturing qualities that sustain family unit and support husband. Should be warm, sensitive, and sympathetic. Benefits of gender role s- traditional roles provide stability, continuity, and predictability. Because each person knows what is expected, rights and responsibilities are clear. Husbands and wives don’t have to agrue over who does what. Benefits of traditional gender roles for men- A positive self-image in being the provider Little marital stress in climbing a career ladder because the wife takes care of the kids and the home Doesn’t have to do much, if any, housework or child care Has a sexual partner who isn’t stressed out by having a job and caring for the family Costs of traditional gender roles for men- Loss of identity in the case of unemployment Little time with wife or children Wife may feel unappreciated Wife may feel take for granted because she should always be available for sexual intercourse
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2 Benefits of traditional gender roles for women- Not having to juggle employment and domestic tasks Time to focus on the husband-wife relationship Lots of time with children Nurturing a husband and children and enjoying their accomplishments Costs of traditional gender roles for women- Loss of financial security if there’s a separation or divorce Often being alone because the husband is working long hours or makes numerous out-of- town trios Feeling useless when children leave home Feeling like a failure if the children aren’t successful, or feeling isolated and helpless if the husband is abusive.
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