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Outline Chapter 41

Outline Chapter 41 - cannot become a vegetarian 41.4 What...

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ABE 2062 Biology for Engineers – Outline Chapters 41 March 31, 2009 CHAPTER 41 41.1 Please define or explain the following terms: herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, vitamins, undernourishment, malnourishment, epidemiology, suspension feeders, substrate feeders, fluid feeders, bulk feeders, enzymatic hydrolysis, intracellular digestion, extracellular digestion, gastrovascular cavity, complete digestive tract, alimentary canal, oral cavity, salivary glands, amylase, bolus, pharynx, esophagus, gastric juice, chyme, protease, mucus, pancreas, gallbladder, villi, microvilli, lacteal, hepatic portal vein, rectum, ruminants, appendix, adipose cell, and leptin. 41.2 What is an essential nutrient? How many different categories of essential nutrients we need? How many essential vitamins we need for maintaining our life? Please read table 41.1 and table 41.2 several times to have some idea about vitamins and minerals. 41.3 (Truth or False) since individual plant doesn’t usually all the amino acids we need, we
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Unformatted text preview: cannot become a vegetarian. 41.4 What are the main stages of food processing? 41.5 What are the four main feeding mechanisms of animal? 41.6 Please memorize the structure of human digestive system in Figure 41.10. 41.7 Please understand how the switch between the trachea and esophagus happens. 41.8 Please explain why HCl and proteases won’t damage the stomach cells. 41.9 Please pay attention to Fig. 41.13 and make sure you understand how carbohydrate, protein, nucleic acid and fat can be digested in your body. 41.10 Please understand Fig. 41.14 and know the details through the textbook a little bit more. 41.11 What cause the diarrhea and constipation? 41.12 What are the main energy storage sites in human? 41.13 Please memorize how we can maintain the homeostasis of glucose in the blood. 41.14 Review Chapter 41 in p. 896-897 (p. 896 gives you another good figure to understand our digestive system)....
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