Outline Chapter 43

Outline Chapter 43 - ABE 2062 Biology for Engineers Outline...

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ABE 2062 Biology for Engineers – Outline Chapter 43 April 7, 2009 CHAPTER 43 43.1 Please define or explain the following terms: pathogens, immune system, innate immunity, acquired immunity, exoskeleton, lysozyme, phagocytosis, antimicrobial peptides, eosinophiles, dendritic cells, interferons, histamine, pyrogens, septic shock, lymphocytes, immunological memory, cytokines, antigen, antigen receptors, antibody, immunoglobulin (Ig), epitope (antigenic determinant), major histocompatibility complex (MHC), self-tolerance, allergens, autoimmune disease, immunization, vaccination, and latency. 43.2 Figure 43.2 provides an overview for both innate and acquired immunity. You should know these two systems well and have the ability to compare them. 43.3 What kind of immunity an invertebrate carries? 43.4 The five strategies of human innate immunity — barrier defenses: skin (pH 3-5) and mucus (lysozyme); cellular innate defenses: phagocytic white blood cells (or leukocytes, includes
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