ABE 2062 Biology for Engineers – Outline Chapter 43
April 7, 2009
43.1 Please define or explain the following terms: pathogens, immune system, innate immunity,
acquired immunity, exoskeleton, lysozyme, phagocytosis, antimicrobial peptides, eosinophiles,
dendritic cells, interferons, histamine, pyrogens, septic shock, lymphocytes, immunological
memory, cytokines, antigen, antigen receptors, antibody, immunoglobulin (Ig), epitope
(antigenic determinant), major histocompatibility complex (MHC), self-tolerance, allergens,
autoimmune disease, immunization, vaccination, and latency.
43.2 Figure 43.2 provides an overview for both innate and acquired immunity. You should know
these two systems well and have the ability to compare them.
43.3 What kind of immunity an invertebrate carries?
43.4 The five strategies of human innate immunity — barrier defenses: skin (pH 3-5) and mucus
(lysozyme); cellular innate defenses: phagocytic white blood cells (or leukocytes, includes