Outline Chapter 46

Outline Chapter 46 - anterior pituitary and gonads The...

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ABE 2062 Biology for Engineers – Outline Chapter 46 April 9, 2009 CHAPTER 46 46.1 Please define or explain the following terms: asexual, sexual, zygote, gamete, asexual reproduction, fission, budding, parthenogenesis, ovulation, gonads, follicles, oocytes, oogenesis, menstruation, menstrual cycle, uterine cycle, ovarian cycle, menstrual flow phase, proliferative phase, secretory phase, endometriosis, estrous cycles, conception, blastocyst, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), gestation, trimester, placenta, monozygotic twins, dizygotic twins, organogenesis, fetus, parturition, and in vitro fertilization. 46.2 Please list the advantage to adapt sexual reproduction compared to asexual reproduction using an evolutionary point of view. 46.3 How long it takes to produce a sperm? What about an egg? Please read Concept 46.4. 46.4 The human reproduction is the coordinated actions of hormones from the hypothalamus,
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Unformatted text preview: anterior pituitary, and gonads. The principal sex hormones are steroid hormones: in males, androgens, such as testosterone, in females, estrogens, including estradiol and progesterone. 46.5 Please study carefully for Fig. 46.12. If necessary, please review chapter 13 to understand the meiosis process involved in gametogenesis. 46.6 Please study fig. 46.14 to understand what are ovarian cycle and uterine cycle. Combine with Fig. 46.12, can you tell when is the best time to get pregnant? You need to know those curves in Fig. 46.14 well. 46.7 What is endometriosis? What is menopause, why do they happen? 46.8 What is the duration of human pregnancy? How do you define it? 46.9 Please carefully read the section Contraception and Abortion in p. 1016 for your own good! 46.10 Review Chapter 46 in p. 1019-1020....
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