MIDTERM REVIEW - MIDTERM REVIEW What is Pop Culture...

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MIDTERM REVIEW What is Pop Culture? Definition of culture: what we’re living, what is popular, what we’re all experiencing subjective definition- some see culture only as “elite” culture (e.g., opera, Shakespeare, etc.) inclusive definition- culture let’s us understand the mindset of any era, what the people are thinking culture as a skyscraper- camera lens point of view- artifacts- magazines, newspapers, celebrities, etc. beliefs- our most enduring things, we believe to be true or not true Definition of Pop Culture: that which has been accepted or proved of by large numbers of people; implies choice (choose to buy into culture, not forced to) funhouse mirror—both reflects our image back to us but also alters our image in the profess of doing so reflects and molds our values and beliefs imitative- once producers discover a successful formula—a set of ingredients which seems to reflects audience desires—they tend to repeat it as often as it remain successful 1 i.e.—Rocky I, II, III, IV, V; Regan Bush; Nike Reeboks, L.A. Gear Zeitgeist- spirit of the era; major beliefs and values that describe a particular culture at a given time 1 popular culture can become the key to formulating definitions of a zeitgeist and can be cited as evidence that our conclusions are sound 2 transitory- attitudes/perspectives that last as long as the era but fade away but may return later 3 concrete- deep-seated, highly significant “concrete” beliefs and values which transcend the specific time period and represent the fundamental character of culture Pop Culture Formula (producing and promoting PC at the same time) popularity of given cultural elements (objects, person, or event) directly proportional to the degree to which that element is reflective of audience beliefs and values Necessary Conditions for Pop Culture modernist point of view- belief that pop culture is of relatively recent origin; belief that there are 3 conditions necessary for the existence of popular culture: 1 money: more money=more leisure time new class demanded new culture just as economy gave them money to pursue it; democratic revolution helped ensure the increases in education and leisure time (which were equally necessary)
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extra leisure time after Industrial Revolution (middle class emerged) 2 masses: larger number of people a mass culture demands the existence of a mass of people whose way of life it reflects and shapes after the industrial revolution, people began to migrate to cities (before, people were spread out); they lost their traditional folk beliefs/values (rise of cities gathered people together); after people abandoned their old traditional ways, they were in need of a new culture to match their new lives 3 mechanics: technological advances (TV, telegraph, radio, etc.) refers to the means of communicating to the moneyed masses Types of Culture (all three are fluid and everyone encompassed each)
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