Ch.1 Assignment - Maggie Long Graham PS 1 Chapter 1 Define...

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Maggie Long Graham PS 1 Chapter 1 Define the following terms 1. government The legitimate use of force to control human behavior; also, the organization or agency authorized to exercise that force. 2. national sovereignty A political entity’s externally recognized right to exercise final authority over its affairs. 3. order The rule of law to preserve life and protect property. Maintaining order is the oldest purpose of government. 4. communism A political system, in which, in theory, ownership of all land and productive facilities is in the hands of the people, and all goods are equally shared. The production and distribution of goods arew controlled by an authoritarian government. 5. public goods Benefits and services, such as parks and sanitation, that benefit all citizens but are not likely to be produced voluntarily by individuals. 6. freedom of An absence of constraints on behavior, as in freedom of speech or freedom of religion. 7. freedom from Immunity, as in freedom from want. 8. police power The authority of government to maintain order and safeguard citizens’ safety, health, welfare, and morals. 9. political equality Equality in political decision making: one vote per person, with all votes counted equally. 10. social equality Equality in wealth, education and status. 11. equality of opportunity The idea that each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life. 12. equality of outcome The concept that society must ensure that people are equal, and governemtns must design policies to redistribute wealth and status to achieve economic and social equality. 13. rights The benefits of government to which every citizen is entitled. 14. political ideology A consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government. 15. totalitarianism A political philosophy that advocates unlimited power for the government to enable it to control all sectors of society. 16. socialism A form of rule in which the central government plays a strong role in regulating existing private industry and directing the economy, although it does allow some private ownership of productive capacity. 17. democratic socialism A socialist form of government that guarantees civil liberties such as freedom of the speech and religion. Citizens determine the extent of government activity through free elections and competitive political parties. 18.
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Ch.1 Assignment - Maggie Long Graham PS 1 Chapter 1 Define...

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