Ch.2 Assignment - Define the following terms. 1. 2. 3. 4....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Define the following terms. 1. Declaration of Independence Drafted by Thomas Jefferson, the document that proclaimed the right of the colonies to separate from Great Britain. 2. social contract theory The belief that the people agree to set up rules for certain purposes and thus have the right to resist or remove rulers who act against those purposes. 3. republic A government without a monarch; a government rooted in the consent of the governed, whose power is exercised by elected representatives responsible to the governed. 4. confederation A loose association of independent states that agree to cooperate on specified matters. 5. Articles of Confederation The compact among the thirteen original states that established the first government of the United States. 6. Virginia Plan A set of proposals for a new government, submitted to the Constitutional Convention of 1787; included separation of the government into three branches, division of the legislature into two houses, and proportional representation in the legislature. 7. legislative branch The lawmaking branch of government. 8. executive branch The law-enforcing branch of government. 9. judicial branch The law-interpreting branch of government. 10. New Jersey Plan Submitted by the head of the New Jersey delegation to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, a set of nine resolutions that would have, in effect, preserved the articles of Confederation by amending rather than replacing them. 11. Great Compromise Submitted by the Connecticut delegation to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and thus also known as the Connecticut Compromise, a plan calling for a bicameral legislature in which the House of Representatives would be apportioned according to population and the states would be represented equally in the Senate. 12. republicanism A form of government in which power resides in the people and is exercised by their elected representatives. 13. federalism The division of power between a central government and regional governments. 14. separation of powers The assignment of lawmaking, law-enforcing and law-interpreting functions to separate branches of government. 15. checks and balances A government structure that gives each branch some scrutiny of and control over the other branches. 16. extraordinary majority Majority greater than that required by majority rule, that is, greater than 50 percent plus one. 17.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 07/24/2010 for the course PS 001 taught by Professor Graham during the Summer '08 term at Los Angeles Southwest College.

Page1 / 3

Ch.2 Assignment - Define the following terms. 1. 2. 3. 4....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online