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Ch.3 Assignment - Define the following terms 1 federalism...

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Define the following terms. 1. federalism The division of power between an central government and regional governments. 2. dual federalism A view that holds the Constitution is a compact among sovereign states, so that the powers of the national government are fixed and limited. 3. states' rights The idea that all rights not specifically conferred on the national government by the Constitution are reserved to the states as guaranteed in the tenth amendment. 4. implied powers Those powers that Congress requires in order to execute its enumerated powers. 5. cooperative federalism A view that holds that the Constitution is an agreement among people who are citizens of both state and nation, so there is little distinction between state powers and national powers. 6. elastic clause The last clause in Section 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution, which gives Congress the means to execute its enumerated powers. This clause is the basis for Congress’s implied powers. It is also called the necessary and proper clause. 7. commerce clause The third clause of Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, which gives Congress the power to regulate commerce among states. 8. grant-in-aid Money provided by one level of government to another, to be spent for a given purpose. 9. categorical grant A grant-in-aid targeted for a specific purpose either by formula or by project. 10. formula grant A categorical grant distributed according to a particular formula which specifies who is eligible for the grant and how much each eligible applicant will receive. 11. project grant A categorical grant awarded on the basis of competitive applications submitted by prospective recipients. 12. block grant A grant-in-aid awarded for general purposes, allowing the recipient great discretion in spending the grant money.
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